Wastewater contains many elements which break down into two groups, organic and inorganic substances.Organic substances include dish soaps, fecal matter, and food particles.
These elements break down and feed bacteria which exist in the septic system. Bacteria naturally decomposes organic matter, but requires oxygen to do so.
The larger and more numerous the organic matter, the more oxygen required to eliminate organic matter. The rate at which wastewater requires oxygen is known as the biological oxygen demand (BOD).
BOD is a crucial factor in refining wastewater.
The bacteria are important for breaking down substances, however too much BOD can cause unwanted amounts of bacteria.
It can also drain receiving waters of oxygen which can kill fish and harm the environment. Therefore it is important to control the level of BOD at every stage of the treatment process, and to remove as much as possible in the final stages.
Many septic systems have both an aerobic and anaerobic process, while others focus on reducing the need of BOD altogether.
Inorganic solids take longer to breakdown and can clog various parts of the septic system.
Inorganic material and other TSS(Total Suspended Solids) are most effectively taken out of wastewater through the use of effluent filters. These filters will catch fine particles, drastically improving the wastewater's quality.
There are many elements and choices to building an effective septic system and refining wastewater. To learn more contact us.
- Water Plus Software
- Septage Receiving Best Practices
- Septage Receiving Station Design and Planning
- Wastewater Receiving: Phytoremediation to Clean it Up
- 5 Reasons to Use an Automated Bulk Water Truckfill System
- Efficiency and Effectiveness: Removing solids and BOD from wastewater
- Designing Bulk Water Dispensing Stations for Northern Climates
- 4 Reasons To Remove Solids From Wastewater
- Reclaiming Our Water